In 1978, the federal government began studying Yucca Mountain in southern Nevada as a potential long-term depository for waste generated by nuclear power generation and national defense programs, such as spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste. In 1987, Congress designated Yucca Mountain to be the primary site for nuclear waste storage, and the Energy Department began preliminary drilling operations at the site in 1994. The state of Nevada, citing safety concerns, blocked the operation in 2004, and the project was further opposed by the Obama administration. The future of the project is uncertain. What are the advantages and disadvantages – environmentally, socially and politically – of a centralized facility for storing nuclear waste?
"Conceptual Design of Yucca Mountain Disposal Plan," United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (undated)